A Case of Erosive Polyarthritis in a Patient Diagnosed With a Suspicion of Atypical Mycobacteria

Hani Almoallim*, 1, 2, 3, Laila Alharbi1, 3, Zainab Alshareef 2, Ghassan Wali1, 2
1 Department of Medicine, Medical College, Umm Alqura University, Saudia Arabia
2 Department of Medicine, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Saudia Arabia
3 Alzaidi Chair of Research in Rheumatic Diseases, Umm Alqura University, Saudia Arabia

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© Almoallim et al.; Licensee Bentham Open.

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Medicine, Medical College, Umm Alqura University, Saudia Arabia; Tel: 00966505703935; Fax: 0096625501000, Ext. 4652; E-mail:


In this report, we introduce a case of erosive polyarthritis in a 55-year-old female diagnosed with Mycobacterium abscessus pulmonary infection. Her arthritis has been worsened after use of DMARDs. The patient demonstrated a significant response to the antimicrobial regimen that was administered. We call special attention to the possibility of Mycobacterium abscessus being a cause of reactive polyarthritis, particularly if symptoms worsened after use of disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs), but further studies are necessary for clarification.

Keywords: : Mycobacterium abscessus, rheumatoid arthritis, polyarthritis..