Association of 25-Hydroxy Vitamin D with IL-17 Inflammatory Cytokines, and Osteoporosis in patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis in Kurdish nation / Iraq

Dr. Niaz Albarzinji1, *, Dashty Albustany2
1 Depertment of Rheumatic Disease, Hawler Medical University, College of Medicine, Erbil, Iraq
2 Head of Department of Medicine, Rizgary Hospital, Erbil, Iraq

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© 2022 Albarzinji and Albustany

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Depertment of Rheumatic Disease, Hawler Medical University, College of Medicine, Erbil, Iraq; E-mail:



Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a long-term autoimmune disorder that primarily affects joints. Lower Vitamin D (Vit. D) levels correlate with more severe clinical manifestations in RA and other rheumatic diseases. IL-17A promotes inflammation by inducing various proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines. In this study, we evaluated the association between Vitamin. D and IL-17 in osteoporosis in Rheumatoid Arthritis in Kurdish nation / Iraq.


Blood samples from rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients were used to measure the levels of the inflammatory cytokine IL-17 and the Vit. D precursor 25(OH)D and bone loss in patients with RA in this study.


In this study, 40 healthy controls were included in the research, which comprised 100 new cases of RA. ELISA was used to measure the level of serum 25(OH)D and IL-17. Moreover, DXA was used to assess average bone mineral density (BMD).


We discovered no difference between the two groups in terms of age or gender. This means that compared to the control group, the 25(OH)D serum levels in the RA group were lower (P 0.01; 16.85+8.7 nmol/l vs. 39.95 (-+9.8)). IL-17 serum levels were highly and negatively associated with 25(OH)D levels in arthritic patients. A comparison of 25(OH)D levels in patients with osteoporosis and osteopenia and those with BMD was also performed.


Bone loss and IL-17 have been associated with reduced Vit. D levels in patients with rheumatoid arthritis; a lack of Vit. D may have a role in developing the disease, according to the data presented in this study.

Keywords: 25-hydroxyVitamin D, Rheumatoid, Arthritis, IL-17, Osteoporosis, Autoimmune disease, Inflammatory.